1. Researcher uses music to manage networks
  2. The evolution of doors and windows
  3. Day trips from Newcastle
  4. Warwickshire the heart of English history
  5. Periodic table still influencing today’s research
  6. Engineers translate brain signals directly into speech
  7. Manchester’s cultural must-sees the top sights in a changing city
  8. Scratching beneath the surface of veneers
  9. Smart home tests first elder care robot
  10. Charting a path to cheaper flexible solar cells
  11. The Photographer and Architecture
  12. Multicolor holography technology could enable extremely compact 3D displays
  13. Highlights of hidden England – Lincoln and beyond
  14. Using drones to tackle climate change
  15. At the Flip of a Switch
  16. Variations in seafloor create freak ocean waves
  17. Scientists develop first fabric to automatically cool or insulate depending on conditions
  18. Going underground exploring the best sights below London
  19. Concrete Utopia
  20. New fuel cell concept brings biological design to better electricity generation
  21. Quantum transfer at the push of a button
  22. Physicists create exotic electron liquid
  23. Two days in Oxford
  24. Royal Academy expansion reveals hidden life of art schools
  25. Millions of tons of plastic waste could be turned into clean fuels, other products
  26. Speed of light toward a future quantum internet
  27. A perfect day in London
  28. Like something from Pompeii’ – Battersea Arts Centre’s scorching resurrection
  29. Converting Wi-Fi signals to electricity with new 2D materials
  30. After making history, NASA’s tiny deep-space satellites go silent
  31. Night sky Britain aurora-spotting and stargazing in England, Scotland and Wales
  32. London through the ages architectural insights into the capital’s history
  33. Fasting ramps up human metabolism, study shows
  34. Scientists find increase in asteroid impacts on ancient Earth by studying the Moon
  35. Artificial intelligence can identify microscopic marine organisms
  36. Living by the tides on Northumberland’s Holy Island
  37. HP is making a new VR headset with a super high resolution
  38. HOW A NEW SATELLITE CONSTELLATION COULD ALLOW US TO TRACK PLANES ALL OVER THE GLOBE
  39. An architectural tour of Liverpool’s fascinating history
  40. Patisandhika and Daniel Mitchell complete A Brutalist Tropical Home in Bali
  41. These genetic ‘goggles’ could help us engineer wildly resilient crops
  42. Best things to do in Yorkshire in spring
An architectural tour of Liverpool’s fascinating history

Best known as the home town of the Beatles, the English city of Liverpool has another appealing claim to fame – the architecturally striking buildings which tell the stories of the city’s past. From Queen Anne style to Brutalism via Neoclassical and industrial Victorian, Liverpool’s bricks-and-mortar record of local history earned it Unesco World Heritage status and fascinates hundreds of thousands of visitors every year.

The city is second only to London for having the most listed (nationally protected) buildings in the UK and to get a taste of its architectural wonders, here’s our guide to some of the best-preserved pieces from the past.

Bluecoat Chambers

Believed to be the oldest building in the city centre (built 1716), The Bluecoat is a former school turned arts centre – the UK’s oldest, in fact. It is a striking H-shaped building, constructed in a variation of Queen Anne style, with double-pile rooms, a pediment at the front, grand columns, quoins at the corners of the brown brickwork and round-arched windows instead of traditional sash. A modern extension and interior renovations have made room for the performances and exhibitions that take place here.

Liverpool Town Hall

The Grade I listed Liverpool Town Hall is a spectacular example of Georgian architecture. First opened in 1754, it still stands as a showcase of Georgian decorative style (despite various subsequent additions and alterations) and as a symbol of Liverpool’s booming mid-18th century economy, a boom partly made possible by the slave trade in which the city would become the dominant player. Key features to look out for include the incorporation of Classical design principles (pillars, columns, domed roofing and arches), the embellished stone frontage, the building’s symmetry, the sash windows (the Georgian equivalent of air-conditioning) and epic chandeliers. It is still used by the council, but also holds events and offers public tours at least once a month.

St George’s Hall

Offering an impressive welcome for those arriving at Lime Street train station opposite, St George’s Hall is another Neoclassical Grade I listed building of imposing proportions. Opened in 1854 on the site of the former Liverpool Infirmary, the hall was purpose-built to serve a variety of purposes (concerts, law courts, grand dinners), which explains why the rooms and the flight of stairs at the entrance are so wide.

Its legal uses meant that it needed to have a certain formality to it, so nods to Greek and Roman architecture were used to add grandeur – Corinthian columns, statues of ancient gods, sweeping archways and lavish interior decorations to name but a few. While the law courts now operate elsewhere, the building is still a major focal point for the city, with cultural events and community gatherings happening here all year round (plus the occasional wedding).

Albert Dock

Opened in 1846, the Albert Dock was once at the centre of world trade. Five-storey fireproof warehouses built from cast iron, brick and stone made it possible for traders to safely store their goods, while the open loading bays halved the time it took to unload each arriving ship’s cargo – innovations that helped propel Liverpool to the top tier of global ports for the rest of the 19th century.

During early World War II, it was a docking station for small warships, but in 1941 it took a beating in the Blitz and lay empty and in a state of disrepair until a major renovation project in the 1980s. Current inhabitants include Tate Liverpool, The Beatles Story, historical museums (such as the Merseyside Maritime Museum and the International Slavery Museum), and dock-side streets lined with swanky bars, restaurants and music venues.

The Three Graces

Three landmarks on Liverpool’s waterfront Pier Head are collectively known as the Three Graces and act as emblems of the city as a whole: the Royal Liver Building, the Cunard Building and the Port of Liverpool Building.

The Royal Liver Building, constructed out of reinforced concrete in 1911, was built for the Royal Liver Assurance group, a company founded to support families who had lost a wage-earner. On top of each of its two clock towers is a mythical Liver Bird, one gazing over the River Mersey River, the other facing the city.

The Cunard Building next door, built in 1917 in an Italian palazzo style with some Greek flourishes, was the headquarters of Cunard Cruise Line, a major employer back in the days when Liverpool was a hub for trans-Atlantic sailings.

The final member of the trio, the Port of Liverpool Building, is in Edwardian Baroque-style, with an impressive dome (first conceived for the Anglican Cathedral) and ornate decorative elements. For a great view of all three, wander along the Albert Dock or climb to the top floor of the Museum of Liverpool.